Roofing and gutter terms

Roofing Gutter Roof Shingles

Alligatoring: When tar and gavel roof’s lifespan comes to an end, their typical lifespan is of 10-12 years, its seams open up or the gavel gets cracked, it is called alligatoring. When alligatoring shows it means is time for a roof replacement.

Aluminum Gutters: Aluminum gutters are a rust resistant material, it can come factory painted as well as unfinished. Its weakness is its tendency to leak at the joints due to the expansion and contraction this material suffers and how easily it dents.

Copper Gutters: This material is strong, durable, rust-resistant and almost maintenance free, in the downside it is expensive, needs a coat of clear sealant so it doesn’t weather green and will require a specialist taking care of its installation.

Deck: it is a roofing felt made out of sheathing and underlayment. There are different decks and they are determined by the material used to finish the roof, being solid plywood and oriented strand board sheathing what is most commonly required, different from wood shingles and tile roofs which use space board sheathing.

Fascia Board: that exposed end of your roof where the gutter gets attached is called fascia board.

Flashing: is the edging placed along chimneys, dormers, roof intersections, vent pipes and commonly by the edges of the roof. Its main function is to guide water to the gutters.

Gutters: They are channels attached to the roof’s edges to draw water away from the house as well from the house’s foundation. Gutters are made of different materials and they mostly contain: gutter sections, downspouts and drop outlets.

Water Diverter: Just as gutters, water diverters are a metal section used to control the flow of water that’s drained from the roof.

Ice Damns: Ice damns are formed when melted snow and ice on the top of the roof overflows the gutters, it can get under the shingles too or even into the house.

Ridge Vent: ridge vents are vents located on the top ridge of the roof, allowing air into the attic. What makes ridge vents different from common vents is that they are underneath the roofing material, making them less visible from the outside.

Roof Surface: What’s known as the roof surface is the whole area where the roofing material sits, this surface can be made of different materials, being plywood with a sheathing covering the most common material used in the U.S.

Soffits: Soffits are vents used to let air into the attic, they are located under the roof.

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